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Jharkhand High Court in Ranchi: A Brief History

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A Circuit Bench Emerges:

On the 6th of March, 1972, a circuit bench of the Patna High Court was set up in Ranchi. This move was executed under clause 36 of the Letter Patent of the Patna High Court. The primary objective behind this initiative was to cater to the legal needs of the Adivasi population residing in the Chota Nagpur area, which was part of the erstwhile State of Bihar.

Jharkhand High Court in Ranchi: A Brief History

Permanent Status Granted:

The Circuit Bench at Ranchi underwent a transformation when it was designated as the Permanent Bench of the Patna High Court. This transition occurred through Act no. 57 of 1976, known as the “High Court at Patna (Establishment of Permanent Bench at Ranchi) Act 1976.” The permanent status came into effect on the 8th of April 1976, marking a pivotal moment in the legal landscape of the region.

Birth of the Jharkhand High Court:

The Jharkhand High Court officially came into existence following the reorganization of the state of Bihar. This historic event took place on the 15th of November 2000, when Bihar was divided to form the new state of Jharkhand.

The Jharkhand High Court in Ranchi continues to play a vital role in upholding justice and the rule of law in the state. It stands as a testament to the region’s commitment to a robust and independent judiciary.

Chief JusticeTerm
Vinod Kumar Gupta5 December 2000 – 4 March 2003
P. K. Balasubramanyan10 March 2003 – 26 August 2004
Altamas Kabir1 March 2005 – 8 September 2005
Nelavoy Dhinakar4 December 2005 – 9 June 2006
M. Karpaga Vinayagam17 September 2006 – 15 May 2008
Gyan Sudha Misra13 July 2008 – 30 April 2010
Bhagwati Prasad22 August 2010 – 12 May 2011
Prakash Chandra Tatia11 September 2011 – 3 August 2013
R. Banumathi16 November 2013 – 12 August 2014
Virender Singh1 November 2014 – 6 October 2016
Pradip Kumar Mohanty24 March 2017 – 9 June 2017
Aniruddha Bose11 August 2018 – 23 May 2019
Ravi Ranjan17 November 2019 – 19 December 2022
Sanjaya Kumar Mishra20 February 2023 – Incumbent

Jharkhand High Court’s New Building{ country’s largest’ high court }

Jharkhand High Court in Ranchi: A Brief History
President Draupadi Murmu to inaugurate Jharkhand HC
Jharkhand High Court in Ranchi: A Brief History

President Droupadi Murmu embarks on a three-day visit to Jharkhand, featuring multiple significant events. The highlight of her trip will be the inauguration of Jharkhand’s largest high court campus in Ranchi, Dhurwa. This modern infrastructure promises to enhance the judicial system and promote justice. President Murmu will also participate in a women’s conference in Khunti, organized by the Union Ministry of Tribal Affairs, emphasizing empowerment and inclusivity. Additionally, she will attend the second assembly of the Indian Establishment of Data Innovation in Namkum, Ranchi, underscoring technological advancements and innovation.

Her visit will culminate with a civic reception hosted by the Government of Jharkhand at Raj Bhavan, Ranchi, honoring her presence and contributions. Stay tuned for updates on this significant visit.


A Modern Marvel: Jharkhand High Court’s New Building

In a visionary move that addresses the growing needs of justice delivery, the Jharkhand High Court embarked on a remarkable journey to construct a new high court building in 2013. This state-of-the-art architectural marvel is poised to replace the original high court premises, which had served since 1972. The new infrastructure not only marks a significant leap in terms of modernity but also caters to the evolving demands of the legal landscape.

Expansive and Functional Design

Spanning across a sprawling 72 acres, the main building complex of the new high court is situated within a vast 167-acre campus, leaving ample room for future expansion. The architectural masterpiece offers an array of impressive facilities. These include a state-of-the-art auditorium, well-appointed conference rooms, committee meeting halls, and a dedicated building for the advocate general and government counsels. Designed with foresight, the new high court can comfortably accommodate over 4,300 individuals, including judges, residential judges, lawyers, and visitors.

Air-Conditioned Court Blocks

The new high court building comprises a total of 25 meticulously designed air-conditioned court blocks. Each block is fully equipped with essential amenities such as a judge’s chamber, an ante room, a personal assistant room, and a waiting room. Notably, the Chief Justice Block houses additional facilities like a video conference room, a modern kitchen, a spacious dining hall, and an elegantly designed conference hall. Registrars and court officials also benefit from dedicated spaces, including 10 chambers and four court offices, facilitating efficient judicial proceedings.

Advanced Security and Surveillance

Safety and security are paramount within the new high court premises. A comprehensive security apparatus has been put in place, encompassing a network of 500 CCTV cameras meticulously installed throughout the complex. This sophisticated surveillance system ensures round-the-clock monitoring, guaranteeing the wellbeing of everyone within.

Embracing Sustainability

The construction of the new high court building is a testament to a commitment to sustainable practices. Solar panels have been thoughtfully integrated, contributing to the generation of a substantial 40% of the building’s electricity requirements through clean energy. In an effort to create a greener and ecologically balanced environment, over 4,400 saplings have been planted on the premises, enhancing the overall sustainability quotient.

Efficient Resource Management

An efficient resource management strategy lies at the heart of the new high court’s operations. With an estimated daily water requirement of 353 Kilo Litres, the initial supply from the municipal source will suffice. However, additional water needs for purposes such as flushing and landscaping will be met through treated water sourced from the on-site sewage treatment plant, boasting an impressive capacity of 200 Kilo Litres per day. Additionally, the high court has implemented a comprehensive waste management system, capable of handling a maximum daily solid waste generation of 700 kilograms, reinforcing its commitment to responsible resource management.

The Jharkhand High Court’s new building stands as a symbol of modernity, sustainability, and efficiency in the pursuit of justice, offering a bright and promising future for the legal landscape in the region.

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