होम Culture / History Rajkiya Janjatiya Hijla Mela,Dumka, Jharkhand

Rajkiya Janjatiya Hijla Mela,Dumka, Jharkhand


The renowned Rajkiya Janjatiya Hijla Fair Orgnaize in Dumka, Jharkhand, drawing crowds of people for over 130 years. Set along the banks of the Mayurakshi River and the slopes of the Hijla Hills in Dumka,

A Historic Tradition

Rajkiya Janjatiya Hijla Mela,Dumka, Jharkhand

The foundation of this historic fair was laid on February 3, 1890, during the tenure of the former British Deputy Commissioner John Rabatter Casters. It aimed to establish direct dialogue with the local traditions, customs, and people.

Honoring Tribal Heritage

Rajkiya Janjatiya Hijla Mela,Dumka, Jharkhand

The word ‘Hijla’ is derived from ‘Hij Loz’ and is associated with the local village Hijla, hence the name of the fair. In 1975, during the tenure of the former Deputy Commissioner Govind Ramchandra Patwardhan of Santal Pargana, the term ‘Janjatiya’ (tribal) was added to the Hijla Fair to emphasize its tribal significance.

Official Recognition

In 2008, the Jharkhand government decided to celebrate this fair as a festival. In 2015, it was accorded the status of a state fair, thereafter known as the Rajkiya Janjatiya Hijla Fair Festival. While earlier, dignitaries including the Governor and Chief Minister used to attend the fair’s inauguration, nowadays, politicians hesitate to participate due to various controversies. The fair is now inaugurated by the village head.

Showcasing Cultural Heritage at Hijla Fair

Traditionally celebrated during the Magh-Falgun period, the fair marks a time of festivity after rural agricultural activities cease. It reflects not only the tribal communities but also an exceptional harmony of local non-tribal communities. The presence of the Mayurakshi River and the mountain ranges between the Trikuta Mountains and the Hijla Fair location adds unique beauty to the event

Promoting Tradition and Unity.

The rhythmic flow of the river, chirping of birds, echoing of the drums, dhol, dhak, and jhanj, entice people to dance effortlessly as if every individual and element resonates with the spirit of Hijla. The fair is filled with various events, including folk dance, music, and competitions. During the day, children participate in quizzes, debates, and discussions on the indoor stage. Additionally, college students perform traditional narratives on the outdoor stage. Cultural groups showcase their talents, and various cultural evenings featuring national and international artists are organized. Alongside, there are competitions in sports, book fairs, food stalls, entertainment, and related shops set up to provide glimpses of government schemes and to familiarize farmers with modern agricultural techniques by agriculture, animal husbandry, horticulture, and fisheries departments.

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